Dissociative Identity Disorder Symptoms, Causes and Treatment Methods

As we all know that people are suffering from distinct diseases, day by day. Some people are suffering from Diabetes while a few are suffering from High Blood Pressure. In fact, there are so many diseases which are infecting most of the people, including, Diabetes, Asthma, Allergies, Lung cancer, Breast cancer, Colon cancer, Depression, Heart disease, Heart attack, Chronic pain syndromes, Fibromyalgia, Appendicitis, HIV/AIDS, Pancreatitis, Hypothyroidism, Hyperthyroidism, Hepatitis, Heart failure, Anemia, Melanoma, Metabolic syndrome, Obstructive sleep apnea, Parkinson’s disease, Migraine, Osteoporosis, Chlamydia, Hypoglycemia, Reactive hypoglycemia, Chronic bronchitis, Toxoplasmosis, Peripheral Neuropathy, Menopause, Andropause, Rectal cancer, Acromegaly, Cushing’s syndrome, Addison’s disease, Hyperparathyroidism, Hypoparathyroidism, Diabetic diarrhea, Infectious diarrhea, Brain tumor, Stroke, and more.

Frankly, the main aim behind writing this article is to make you aware of Dissociative Identity Disorder (DID) because this disease is infecting most of the people and it is so important to know about the symptoms, causes and treatment of this disease.

Let’s have some knowledge of Dissociative Identity Disorder!

Dissociative Identity Disorder (DID):

Dissociative Identity Disorder was previously called as Multiple Personality Disorder. The person with DID possesses two or more distinct personalities and work according to any personality alternatively without knowing. Sometimes, a person also experienced memory loss or forgetfulness.

DID is nothing, but one of a group of conditions called Dissociative Disorders. Dissociative Disorders are a kind of mental illnesses which cause memory disruption or breakdown.

Symptoms of DID:

A person with DID has two or more distinct personalities, including, the person’s usual personality and alternate personalities. A person may experience amnesia when alternate personality takes control over the person’s behavior. An individual with DID may not or may be aware of the other personality states. Each alternate personality has distinct individual traits, personal history, way of thinking, etc. In fact, alternate personality may be of different gender, have a different name, or a distinct set of manners & preferences.

DID Shares the Following Psychological Symptoms:

1. Amnesia (memory loss or feeling a time distortion)

2. Anxiety

3. Changing the quality of functioning, from highly effective to disappointing

4. Depersonalization (feeling disconnected from one’s own thoughts, feelings, and body)

5. Depression

6. Derealization (feeling that the surrounding environment is foreign, odd, or unreal)

7. Disturbances in eating and sleeping

8. Hallucinations (false perceptions or sensory experiences, such as hearing voices)

9. Problems with functioning sexuality

10. Self-injurious behaviors such as “cutting”

11. Serious headache or pain in other parts of the body

12. Substance abuse

13. Suicide risk – 70% of people with DID have attempted suicide

Causes of DID:

The previous incidents are the key features of Dissociative Identity Disorder. In fact, 90% of the cases of DID involve some history of abuse. The trauma also involves severe emotional, physical and sexual abuse. It might also be linked to accidents, natural disasters and war.

The episodes of DID can be triggered by myriad real and symbolic traumas, including, minor traffic accident, adult illness and stress.

There are Following Causes of Dissociative Identity Disorder:

1. An innate ability to dissociate easily

2. Repeated episodes of severe physical or sexual abuse in childhood

3. Lack of a supportive or comforting person to counteract abusive relative(s)

4. Influence of other relatives with dissociative symptoms or disorders

Treatment of DID:

The main objective of DID treatment is to relieve symptoms, ensure the safety of the individual and changing multiple personalities into one integrated and well-functioning identity.

The treatment also aims to help the person safety express and process painful memories, develop new coping skills and life skills, restore optimal functioning and improve relationships. In fact, the best treatment approach depends on the individual, the nature of any identifiable triggers, and severity of the symptoms.

Most Likely Treatment Includes the Following Methods:

1. Psychotherapy: It is also known as “talk therapy”, is the main treatment for dissociative disorders. It is a broad term that includes several forms of therapy.

2. Cognitive-behavioral therapy: This is one of the forms of psychotherapy, which focuses on changing dysfunctional thinking patterns, behaviors and feelings.

3. Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing (EMDR): This treatment technique was created to treat people with persistent nightmares, flashbacks and other signs of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD).

4. Dialectic-behavior therapy (DBT): A form of psychotherapy for people with severe personality disturbances, which can involve dissociative signs that often occur after an experience of abuse or trauma.

5. Family therapy: This helps a little in order to teach the family members about the disorder as well as the family members recognize signs of a recurrence.
6. Creative therapies: These therapies include art therapy and music therapy, which allow patients to explore as well as express their feelings, thoughts and experiences in a safe and creative environment.

7. Meditation and relaxation techniques: These help people to better tolerate their dissociative signs and become more aware of their internal states.

8. Clinical hypnosis: This is also one of the treatment methods, which uses intense concentration, focused attention and relaxation to achieve an altered state of consciousness. This allows people to explore thoughts, feeling and memories which may be hidden from their conscious minds.

9. Medication: Medication is necessary in order to provide proper treatment to the patient. In fact, an individual with DID must be treated with anti-anxiety or antidepressant medication.

Top Medical University – An Initial and Important Step to Get Rid of Various Diseases:

A medical school is an initial and important step to get rid of myriad dangerous diseases like DID. These medical colleges provide not only theoretical, but practical knowledge regarding different kinds of dangerous diseases to the medical students so that they can participate in the current researches for the well-being of the patients who are suffering from various dangerous diseases, like Dissociative Identity Disorder (DID).

An individual can find unlimited Best Medical Universities across the world, where they can begin their professional career and give life to their dream of making a healthy and happy world forever. In fact, these universities provide direct MBBS admission without entrance test and donation at nominal fees.

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The Last Chance for Gold

Growing up in my corner of Florida, there used to be an old gas station on the edge of the Everglades. The proprietor did a lot of business with his oversized, hand-painted warning sign:

Last Chance for Gas.

Beyond the fuel pumps were a thin two-lane ribbon of asphalt and 90 miles of swampy wilderness. No smartphones. No “emergency call boxes.” And, in most places along the highway, no guardrails either.

You were on your own – much like the economic wilderness we’re all forced to navigate today.

Which is why the sharp decline in gold prices and mining stocks is much like that warning sign… and a monetary gift…

In short, if you were waiting on the sidelines after this year’s monster rally, this is your second chance – and, in my view, your last chance – to buy gold at these prices. And it comes at just the right time. Typical Moves for Gold

Gold’s done a full round trip in buyer sentiment during the past 12 months: from being the world’s “most hated commodity” at its lows near $1,050 an ounce 12 months ago to “gotta buy it” status at $1,350 an ounce this summer.

With gold now fallen from those lofty heights, an investor is more likely to ask: “Gold, what have you done for me lately?”

In all, gold’s given back about 60% of its 2017 rally. Yet such sharp declines followed by a resumption of a broader trend higher is a typical early bull market move for this volatile metal. Most famous of these pullbacks was gold’s run to all-time highs in the 1970s.

Starting out at $35 an ounce in the early ’70s, as gold became legal for Americans to own once again, bullion prices soared to almost $190 an ounce in 1975. That’s quite a run all on its own. During the next 18 months, gold prices dropped back nearly 60%, falling to $100 before running to a then-record $800 an ounce in the next three and a half years.

The Song Remains the Same

Most important, when it comes to the companies that dig this stuff out of the ground… nothing has changed.

As I have pointed out in past months, gold mining firms have done a great job getting their costs down and making money to boot.

We noted as early as February that the elite companies in this group were making an average of $215 for every ounce of gold they were digging out of the ground and said, in no uncertain terms, to anyone who’d listen: “Stop panic selling gold mining stocks. Likewise, after cutting dividends in 2014 and 2015 as gold prices plummeted, many of the same companies have not only reinstituted payouts, they’ve started raising them again. In the meantime, mining firms have cleared away much of their old cost structures. That’s why Newmont Mining, as one example, has been able to drop its “AISC” – all-in sustaining costs – from $1,170 in 2012 to $910 so far in 2016.

The point is that there are many reasons to own gold: for speculative profits, as discussed above; for insurance; and for wealth preservation. But you can’t benefit from any of those strategies without taking advantage of the gift that is low gold prices and low expectations put on our table by Wall Street’s hair-trigger traders.

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Autodesk : Top 4 New Features

Autodesk introduced AutoCAD 2017 in March 2016 aiming to help its users stay at the forefront. This latest release lets you work quicker and smarter across connected desktop and mobile solutions, create personalized design experiences, easily team up with colleagues, and stay updated with the latest features and updates. AutoCAD 2017 also includes AutoCAD 360 Pro, a mobile app that allows users use AutoCAD on the go. The latest version addresses several user functionality requests and delivers features that enhance everything from workflows to graphics processing. According to Autodesk, several AutoCAD users globally will be benefitted by several enhancements that have been added in the latest version, such as enhanced 3D printing, new features such as ‘smart centrelines’, share design views on cloud and improvements to PDF handling features.

In the updated features of the 2017 version, PDFs have been added to the supported ‘import file’ formats. As a result, users can import geometry, True Type text and raster images from a PDF file or underlay into the current drawing as AutoCAD objects. Also, the centerlines and center marks get updated accordingly when users move associated objects. Learning content and product updates are seamlessly delivered to help users get the most out of new features with Autodesk Desktop app, an application that substitutes Autodesk Application Manager. Here, users also tend to get the latest security patches and updates for all 2015, 2016, and 2017 versions of Microsoft Windows based Autodesk products. Now, let’s discuss the top 4 new features that Autodesk has included in its AutoCAD 2017 release. Top 4 New Features in Autodesk AutoCAD 2017

Enhanced 3D printing

Utilising the new Autodesk print studio you can create a 3D print ready file and directly print it in nearly all types of 3D printers. This 3D printing tool is offered by spark technologies and is available for 64 bit machines only. To make full use of this tool, you need to go to AutoCAD 3D modelling workspace and select print studio tool from 3D print panel of output tab. If it’s the first time you are using this tool then a prompt will appear from where you can download this tool. After you’ve downloaded and installed, click on print studio again and click on watertight or closed mesh object from your drawing which you want to use for 3D printing.

Smart Centrelines and Centre marks

This new AutoCAD release lets you to easily add centre lines and centre marks to the geometry. Likewise, you need to type the command ‘Centremark’ and click on circular object to create the centre mark, you can use this command to make a centre mark on circle, arc and fillet. Share Design Views on Cloud

Now, you can directly share files with users who don’t even have AutoCAD using A360 cloud account and all they require is a web browser for accessing shared drawing. In order to share a drawing, ensure that you’re logged into your Autodesk 360 cloud and your drawing is saved.

Co-ordination Model

In AutoCAD 2017 coordination model functionality has been improved with support for object snaps. Attach a Navisworks or BIM 360 Glue model to your AutoCAD drawing so you can view it as an underlay. Then just use the standard AutoCAD endpoint and center object snaps to snap to exact locations as you create and edit your design based on the attached models.

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The Artistic Way of Programming

12 years back, when I started my formal classes in computer science, the first thing I learnt was “data” means “information”. A few days after that, we started conventional programming, where code and data were treated separately. For example, only data can be passed as the functional arguments. It was difficult for me to digest that “code, which is also information, is not treated as data”. I strongly felt that this will increase complexity of softwares in the long run.

A system does three things – read, transform (processing data), write. In other words – the mathematics (the transform part), and the effect of that in real life (the read/write part). The data transformation is indeed a mathematical concept, and with the help of read and write we make the mathematics (the transform part) useful to the real world. Bringing the “transform” part fully inside mathematical domain has its own benefit of using mathematics without fear (possible errors) for the analysis of the system, making the system more tractable mathematically. The catch is to treat both the elements of transformations, data and functions, equally.

Initially, code used to be bigger than the data, so sending data over the wire was feasible. But with time, data becoming huge, sending code to systems over the wire becomes the need, resting the data on the systems intact. With big data, the need of the hour is to treat the code as data, so that the code can be taken as argument to another meta function on a system having huge data which expects an algorithm for transformations.

Roughly speaking, codes are algorithms, algorithms are mathematical functions, functions are in turn actually look-up tables, i.e. data. Hence with this principle, all codes or functions are data.This is exactly the cornerstone of the functional paradigm. The functional programming is programming with functions, they treat functions and data likewise. Another principle I love, to control complexity, rules should not be complex itself.

Thumb rules rewritten for the functional paradigm:

Read-write and transformations(algorithms) should be separate.
Use immutable variables. Discourage use of reassignment statements.
Discourage side-effects (input/output or changing any variable in-place), every function should ONLY return its expected result.
Use referentially transparent functions (sometimes it is called pure functions) with no side effects, i.e. if x = y, f(x) and f(y) should be same forever.
Unit testing is a must for each function.
One of the main design patterns should be followed is to use expressions instead of instructions, i.e. it should be declarative in nature. Discourage use of loops like for/while – use recursive statements as shown above to calculate sum. Tell computers what needs to be done, not how to do it – it reduces error, especially edge cases.
With the need to control the complexity of the system and the advance design, the design pattern for the functional composition can be made to follow some basic algebraic structures, which in turn becomes more robust.

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Top 5 Features Added in Revit

A building information modeling (BIM) software, Autodesk Revit, has been useful for architects, structural engineers, MEP engineers, designers and contractors, enabling them to design structures and buildings in 2D and 3D, as well as being 4D BIM capable. It’s first version was released more than a decade back and since then it has seen many updates and new version releases, some have been just incremental updates serving for bug corrections and some have been significant technological updates.

Compared to the 2017 update, the previous 2 editions did not provide any significant upgrade until their ‘release 2’ (R2) editions were released. The 2017 update brings about 50 new, refreshing features which will prove to be immensely useful in creating BIM models. All the new features within the update are equally important and will be useful during the life cycle of a project, but out of those let us discuss the 5 most important features from Revit 2017. 1. Text Editing:

The most awaited feature in Revit since the time it was introduced, text editor has been included in the latest edition of Autodesk Revit. This provides a completely redesigned text engine which is compatible with imported files such as AutoCAD DWG files. The text editor in Revit 2017 also brings corrections to the flaws of text editor from earlier editions and lets users seamlessly switch between text editing mode and viewing mode without causing any unexpected disruptions in text.

2. Global Parameters:

Global parameters feature which was introduced in Revit 2016 R2 version, has received a much needed update in the 2017 edition. The latest update brings in the power of parametric families into the project environment. Applying global parameters to multi-segments is possible in this version, also grouping the parameters becomes easier, as does filtering and reordering. Even though the upgrades do seem to bring a lot of additional features, they do come with their limitations, such as the parameters can only be assigned to certain system family categories and only to user defined instance properties.

3. View Template:

View template is a very simple yet powerful feature added in Revit 2017 which enables the user to share data and reuse schedules. This feature automatically updates all the schedule changes whenever they are affected within their respective templates.

4. Calculated Values in Annotations:

An essential and a long overdue feature introduced in Revit 2017 is Calculated Values in Annotations. It is a useful feature that allows the user to document projects with annotations that allow calculated values and which obey pin restrictions maintaining consistency and accuracy of the project. A tag created with calculations in it can be used with any tag type and pinned to an element allowing the user to reposition that element without actually moving the pin position.

5. Railing Host:

Railing Host or Hosted Railings, is another valuable feature introduced in Revit 2017 (SHOULD THIS SAY 2017?) along with Calculated Value in Annotations feature. With this feature it is now possible to host the railings on Walls, Roofs or Slab Edges and the railings will adjust with variations in slopes and surfaces.

There are a host of other additions and updates in Revit 2017 apart from the ones listed above. It remains to be seen what if any flaws exist during real time use or if they truly result in the enhancements promised. Although, considering the supposed flaws that may exist, Revit 2017 is a huge step forward.

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